The Dutch government on Friday unveiled a package of measures to prevent people developing health issues due to lifestyle choices such as smoking after six months of consultations with some 70 clubs, organisations and companies.
The new ‘prevention agreement’ worked out between by junior health minister Paul Blokhuis and the public and private sector, includes targets for reducing smoking, obesity and alcohol abuse.
Together, the problems associated with obesity, smoking and alcohol abuse cost society some €9bn a year, or 10% of the total health service bill, the government says.
However, critics have been quick to point out that most of the measures agreed are voluntary ones and little will be done in the shape of new legislation.
The RIVM says the only target with a feasible chance of success is the plan to make sure just 5% of the adult population smoke by 2040. Currently 23% of adults smoke, as do 8% of minors.
The government also wants to make sure that fewer than 38% of the Dutch population are obese by 2040. The RIVM, however, forecasts a rise in obesity to 60%.
‘The ambitions to tackle problematic alcohol use and obesity will not be achievable given the measures in the plan and extra measures will be needed to realise them,’ the RIVM said.
Liesbeth van Rossum, a professor at Erasmus MC and chairman of a foundation set up to reduce obesity, told reporters at the launch that while the ambitions are to be lauded, ‘I would rather have seen more legislation.’
There is, she said, a lot of optimism about how the food industry is going to make products more healthy. ‘But if we don’t make progress in the coming years, tougher measures should be implemented,’ she said.
Blokhuis has rejected comments from some political parties that the measures are symptomatic of the nanny state. In particular the coalition VVD and CDA say the government should not interfere too much in personal choices.
‘It is such a backward way of looking at things,’ Blokhuis said. ‘There is wide support. Rules stimulate changes in standards. Today’s children can’t believe we used to think it normal to smoke in a train.’
The main points of the plan:
2020: fewer than 20% of adults smoke, currently 23% do so
2040: fewer than 5% of adults smoke, no youngsters or pregnant women smoke
- Smoking will cost more. A packet of cigarettes, now €6, will cost €10 by 2023
- Alternatives to cigarettes (e-cigarettes etc) will also go up in price
- Smoking banned in all schools, childcare ops and city farms by 2020
- Smoking rooms in bars will be closed by 2022, company smoke rooms by 2023
- Cafes and bars will be encouraged to make their terraces smoke free
- Cigarette packets will be kept out of the public eye in shops
2040: Fewer than 38% of adults to be obese (currently nearly 49%)
2040: Fewer than 9% of children to be obese (currently 13.5%)
- More water fountains in schools and public places
- No more soft drinks with sugar to be sold at schools
- Limits to using children’s tv and cartoon characters are marketing aids
- Healthier food on offer at amusement parks, schools and in company canteens
- Healthier food in hospital canteens by 2030
- The number of calories in soft drinks must be cut 30% by 2025
- People to be encouraged to cycle to work
- Half the country’s sports clubs will offer healthy food by 2020
- People to be encouraged to cycle to work
2040: No more than 5% of adults to be a problem drinker (currently 9%)
2040: No more than 4% of pregnant women to drink too much (currently 9%)
2030: No one under the age of 18 is able to get hold of alcohol (home, online, shops)
- The maximum discount on alcohol will be 25%, so no more supermarket bargains
- Limits to the exposure of youngsters to alcohol advertising
- No alcohol to be served at sports clubs when youth teams are playing
- Online systems to stop people drinking too much
- Awareness campaigns
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