Every 100 high-skilled workers generates 10 additional low-skilled jobs but low-skilled workers are being squeezed out, according to researchers at Groningen University.
This is partly related to the large number of students who take jobs in bars and cafes to help pay for their studies. But university graduates are also working below their academic level because they have not found work in their specific spheres of expertise, the researchers say.
‘One argument used by cities who try to attract highly-skilled workers is that the low-skilled benefit from their arrival,’ researcher Roderik Ponds told the Volkskrant. ‘But in cities with a highly-skilled population like Amsterdam, Utrecht and Groningen, unemployment is high among the low-skilled.’
The researchers looked at the developments in 57 cities between 1999 and 2013. While a rise in high-end workers did boost employment in the hospitality industry, for example, there was no corresponding reduction in unemployment levels among the low-skilled.