There are no tram, metro or city bus services in Amsterdam, Rotterdam and The Hague on Sunday because of a strike by public transport workers.
City transport staff are angry at government plans to force councils to put services out to tender and at cuts in spending on buses and trams.
The unions say the cutbacks will lead to 3,000 out of 7,500 jobs being scrapped and up to 40% of services disappearing.
The strike will end at 04.00 on Monday morning, in time for the morning rush hour.
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