Right-wing nationalist Forum voor Democratie made major inroads in traditional party support across the country in Wednesday’s vote. Negotiations will now begin to put together 12 provincial councils – and at least four parties will be needed in each region to form a majority, as the Dutch political landscape continues to splinter.
Here’s a round-up of the provincial results and a focus on the main cities.
The four big cities
The Dutch capital bucked the national trend with Forum only coming in sixth place, behind the pro-animal PvdD. GroenLinks is by far the biggest party in Amsterdam, with 26% support, followed by D66, Labour and the VVD.
In Utrecht, support for GroenLinks also grew, with the D66 and the VVD in second and third place. Polls showed that Monday’s tram shooting, which left three people dead, did not have an impact on voting intentions.
The VVD remains the biggest party in The Hague, with Forum in second place. Groep De Mos, the biggest party on the city council, did not take part in the provincial vote.
In the port city, Forum emerged as the biggest party, partly at the expense of Geert Wilders’ PVV which lost support nationwide.
The 12 provinces
In the most northern province, the results were extremely close, with Labour, GroenLinks and Forum all set to win five seats on the provincial council. With some votes still to be counted, Labour is likely to be the biggest party, giving it the edge on negotiating the new regional authority. However, five parties will be needed to put together a majority on the 53-seat council.
The Christian Democrats are set to remain the biggest party in Friesland but Forum has stepped into second place, just ahead of the Labour party. The CDA with eight seats, will take the lead in the provincial coalition formation process, while both Forum and Labour will have six seats.
Forum has emerged as the biggest party in Zuid-Holland, which includes both The Hague and Rotterdam. Preliminary results give the nationalists 11 seats on the provincial council, the VVD nine.
In the eastern province of Overijssel, the Christian Democrats remain the biggest party despite losing two seats to remain on nine. Forum and the VVD both have six seats, with GroenLinks adding to its support to take five.
In the newest Dutch province of Flevoland, Forum emerged as the biggest party with eight seats on the provincial council, or 17.7% of the vote. The VVD lost one to take six and second place. The PVV lost two seats but remains the third biggest in the province with four. GroenLinks also took four.
Turnout was up by 10 percentage points in the biggest Dutch province with the VVD clinging on to the lead. Forum were in second place.
The VVD remains the biggest party in Noord-Brabant, where much of the Dutch factory farming sector is located, with 10 seats. Forum is set to take second place, with about 14% of the vote.
Limburg is Geert Wilders’ territory and the party clung on to seven seats in the most southerly province. New entrant Forum also has seven, giving the far right a majority over the CDA, which remains the biggest party with nine seats in the provincial council.
Drenthe will be a puzzle when it comes to forming a new provincial authority, with Labour, Forum and the VVD all on six seats.
GroenLinks, up five seats and Forum are level pegging in the province which includes Amsterdam, and Forum’s strong showing is due to support in outlying villages rather than the capital. The VVD lost three seats of its 11 seats Noord-Holland while support for D66 is down from 10 to six.
As the province where much of the Dutch Bible Belt can be found, it is not surprising that the Christian Democrats remain the biggest party, adding one seat to take seven. The fundamentalist Protestant SGP is the second biggest party in the province with five seats, and marginally more support than Forum, which debuts on five as well.
GroenLinks and the VVD are level pegging in the province, each with eight seats, but GroenLinks have the upper hand and will take the lead in the coalition negotiation process. Forum is a new entrant with six seats, taking much of its support from the PVV.
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