The Partij voor de Vrijheid (Freedom Party) was formed in 2006 by Geert Wilders after he broke away from the free-market, centre-right Liberals (VVD). Wilders – famed for his odd, peroxide blond hair – has made a career of speaking out against the ‘Islamisation’ of the Netherlands and lives under armed guard after receiving death threats. In his draft manifesto, written on a single sheet of A4, he advocates closing all mosques, banning the Koran in public buildings and shutting the borders to refugees. Wilders, who has been an MP since 1998, has denounced the Dutch parliament as ‘fake’. Officially the party has only one member, Mr Wilders himself. website