Longer articles about living in the Netherlands, Dutch society, culture and travel plus third party content from our partners


Amsterdam’s Nieuwe Kerk welcomes Marilyn Monroe – and (not quite) that dress

Amsterdam’s Nieuwe Kerk welcomes Marilyn Monroe – and (not quite) that dress

On June 1 actress Marilyn Monroe would have turned 90. That, and the lucky discovery of a substantial collection of Marilyn-related objects practically on the Dutch doorstep, has prompted the Nieuwe Kerk to mount an exhibition ‘reflecting on the life of a female icon’. By Hanneke Sanou The exhibition is almost completely made up of items bought by German collector Ted Stampfer, who also collects Rock Hudson memorabilia. At his Mannheim treasure trove, Stampfer has over 700 items relating to the star - including such startling ones as a few strands of Marilyn’s hair in a curler and a half-empty pot of face cream. He describes himself nevertheless as someone who likes to ‘keep at a safe distance from Marilyn fanatics’. Stampfer’s chance came when many of Marilyn’s personal and professional possessions  were auctioned off in the nineties after having been boxed up for forty years. No doubt Stampfer will be found in the auction room again in November this year. That is when the largest collection of film costumes worn by Marilyn comes up for auction, including the black dress she wore in Some Like it Hot. De Nieuwe Kerk managed to borrow some 140 objects owned or worn at one time by the actress. ‘We have lots of different types of objects,’ says Nieuwe Kerk spokesperson Martijn van Schieveen. Capri pants ‘There are her clothes – a turtle neck sweater and black-and-white capri pants which was one of her looks – dresses from several of her films, jewellery, a quite moving little silver baby cup with her name engraved on it.. We also have interesting documents, such as contracts and scribbled notes. Marilyn was a highly organised person and kept her bills and diaries, of which we have a few as well.’ Also on show is some of the boxes that contained her medication ‘a poignant reminder of how she died’, says Van Schieveen. One of the exhibition highlights is one of two nearly identical dresses costume designer William Trevilla designed for Marilyn Monroe. The one on show in the Nieuwe Kerk is not the dress Marilyn Monroe wore in The Seven Year Itch (1955) when she stood on that draughty New York subway grate trying to keep her dress from wrapping itself around her head. It apparently took three hours and 14 takes before director Billy Wilder was happy. The several thousand onlookers could have stayed there all night. Not that Wilder was happy for long: the final version of the scene was shot on a Hollywood lot. Silly dress William Trevilla later called the ivory halter-neck number ‘that silly dress’. He had, in his opinion, designed far better dresses for Marilyn, among which the pink dress she wears in Gentlemen prefer Blondes when she sings Diamonds are a Girl’s best Friends. In 1971 the dress Marilyn wore in the film was bought for 200 dollars by actress and musical star Debbie Reynolds who had become an avid collector of Hollywood memorabilia and costumes when she was a young actress (with remarkable foresight). Financial difficulties and the failure to find backing for a museum finally forced her to part with the collection. In 2011 that dress fetched a staggering 4.6 million dollars. The dress on show in the Nieuwe Kerk forms part of the Maite Minguez Ricart collection. And what about that curler with Marilyn’s hair and that pot of face cream? ‘Yes, they’re both here,’ says Van Schieveen. Doesn’t he think the inclusion of these objects is…well, a little bit too morbid and intrusive? ‘Not at all. It’s fantastic to have them. What better than to have the icon’s DNA right here in the Nieuwe Kerk? It brings her that much closer.’ 90 years of Marilyn. Reflecting on the life of a female icon' October 1 – February 5 Nieuwe Kerk, Amsterdam. Tickets available now   More >


10 key periods in history which made the Netherlands what it is today

10 key periods in history which made the Netherlands what it is today

Being the well organised folk that they are, the Dutch have drawn up a list of 50 key events and periods which shaped the country and made the Netherlands what it is today. This mighty list is known as the Canon of Dutch history and forms the basis of history teaching at primary schools. We can't possibly remember them all, so here's the 10 we think might just be the most significant. 1 The early farmers The first people to abandon the hunter-gatherer existence in the Netherlands are known as the Trechtervolk, named after the funnel-shaped pottery they left behind, most of it in tiny pieces. These early farmers settled in what is now the province of Drenthe around 3400 BC. There they built a more enduring legacy: the hunebedden, which are among the oldest historical monuments in Europe. Like stone age monuments everywhere, they required much hauling and stacking of colossal (hune means giant) stones, in this case conveniently left by a passing glacier. Little is known about the Trechtervolk, or the status of the folk who were buried in the hunebedden. Any bones have long since disappeared and the graves, vandalised and misunderstood in later years, were most likely robbed of any enlightening artefacts. 2 The Roman conquest The Roman conquest of the south of the Low Countries - attempts to conquer the north failed and after a while the Roman stopped bothering - was successfully achieved in 12 BC under Augustus. They stayed for the next 300-odd years and built numerous fortresses to stave off attacks from troublesome local tribes. They also built public baths (Heerlen boasts the best-preserved thermae http://www.thermenmuseum.nl/ ), villas and roads- and provided a basis for a legal system that is still with us today. 3 Conversion to Christianity The tribes in the north of the Netherlands presented a challenge to the missionaries of the 8th century. Both Willibrord and Bonifatius – revered saints in the Catholic church – travelled from England to convert the unruly Friesians but they stubbornly refused to give up their own form of worship. The culmination came when Bonifatius, who did much to establish the catholic church in Europe, was killed at Dokkum by the Friesians as he was making another conversion attempt in 754. Whether the deed was done in open combat or during a cowardly night time attack remains unclear. Catholiscism never did become the dominant religion in the Netherlands. 4 The Hanseatic League In the 14th century a number of Dutch towns and cities became part of the Hanseatic League, a powerful organisation created by North German merchants to protect shared trade interests. In the century that followed the Dutch reclaimed the North Sea, ousting German traders and then continued jostling for power in the region with the Brits. Later still, in the 17th century, or the Golden Age, the Dutch East India Company VOC earned traders huge fortunes. The VOC gave out shares to finance trade expeditions and is therefore seen as the first multinational company. 5 The Republic of seven provinces By the time the Dutch were making their fortune in the East Indies the Dutch had gained independence of the Spanish after a war that lasted eighty years. A satisfactory king couldn’t be found so in an unusual move for the times they formed a republic of seven provinces (1588 to 1795) ruled by prince Maurits of Orange as stadtholder and Johan van Oldebarnevelt as the main legal advisor until the two fell out and Maurits had Van Oldebarnevelt beheaded. 6 An independent kingdom The Netherlands didn’t become an independent kingdom until 1815. In 1795 the republic had become a vassal state of France. In 1806 Napoleon Bonaparte’s brother – who suffered from rheumatism and didn’t relish a post in a damp country - reluctantly became king of the Netherlands. He soon rallied, however, and even tried to learn Dutch. Legend has it that he called himself ‘konijn van ‘Olland’ his French accent turning koning (king) into konijn (rabbit). After Napoleon was defeated Europe changed shape again and the Netherlands started on it royal course under king Willem 7 Women's rights In 1878 Aletta Jacobs (1854 – 1929) became the first Dutch woman to leave the university, of Groningen in this case, a fully-fledged doctor of medicine. She went on to promote birth control as a way of fighting poverty among the poor and became a vocal advocate for women’s right to vote and stand for election. Dutch women won the right to vote in 1917. 8 Two world wars The Dutch managed to stay neutral during the Great War (1914-1918) and, compared to the casualties and devastation suffered by many other countries it came off relatively lightly. The Second World War (1940-1945) was to have much more profound effect on the Netherlands. Some 89, 000 Dutch civilians lost their lives and over 100,000 Jewish citizens were killed in the German death camps. The war was followed by the ‘wederopbouw’, or reconstruction, a period in which the Netherlands rebuilt the country’s infrastructure and fractured economy. One of the most important and revered figures of the post-war period was socialist Willem Drees, who introduced old age pensions. 9 The flood of 1953 In the night of January 31 and February 1, 1953, a violent storm and a spring tide combined fatally to flood parts of the Netherlands, Belgium, England and Germany. In the Netherlands the province of Zeeland was hardest hit. The dykes were too weak to withstand the impact of the storm and 1,836 people died. Numerous heads of cattle were lost and agriculture in the area destroyed. The ‘watersnoodramp’, or flood disaster, led to the so-called Deltawerken, an enormous complex of coastal defences that was started in 1958 and finished in 1991. 10 Natural gas Much of the Netherlands’ present-day wealth is based on the ‘gasbel’ or gas bubble. In 1959 a huge natural gas field was discovered in the province of Groningen. This heralded an economic boom time in the Netherlands. At this moment it is thought that there is enough gas to last for another 25 years. The extraction of gas has recently developed a downside - large parts of Groningen are suffering earthquakes as the ground settles and gas extraction has been scaled back.  More >


Shakespeare and Gispen chairs: great things to do in September

Shakespeare and Gispen chairs: great things to do in September

From open air Shakespeare to designer chairs; from listed buildings to a good laugh - here's our pick of some of the best things to do this September. Dream in the open air Here’s your chance to see Shakespeare’s Midsummer Night’s Dream in the open air, played by British theatre company Illyria which prides itself on performing the play much as it would have been in the bard’s time, minus the roof. Five players share the roles between them and props are kept at a minimum. The quick changes guarantee the brisk pace appropriate for this comedy of errors. Bring a brolly because no matter what the weather – barring disastrous flooding or hurricane-force winds- the show will go on. September 1 and 2, 7.30pm. Raadhuis de Paauw, Wassenaar  September 3, 7.30pm. Landgoed Schovenhorst - Putten (Veluwe) Tickets can be bought here. Pick a listed building Open Monumentendag is here again. It’s 30 years since the event first took place in the Netherlands and it’s been going from strength to strength. It’s free, which helps. This year’s theme is Icons and Symbols which means the focus will be on the stories the building’s ornaments tell us, and the iconic value of the church towers, windmills and stately homes that dot the Dutch landscape. September 10,11. Just about everywhere. Enjoy an embassy extravaganza Over thirty embassies have got together to host the annual Embassy Festival . It’s a ‘cultural, culinary and musical journey’ but fortunately you won’t have to travel any further than the Lange Voorhout in The Hague. Artists such as Akua Naru, Shishani and Sindicato Sonica are guaranteed to get feet tapping while French soprano Elodie Fonnard, Polish soprano Aldona Bartnik and Viola da Gamba player Susanne Herrer take care of the contemplative side of things. There will be lots of activities for kids as well. September 3, Lange Voorhout The Hague, from 12pm to 8pm. Go souvenir hunting If you are not among those whose souvenirs cannot be corny or garish enough this traveling exhibition is for you. No slogan t-shirts or fridge magnets, the organisers say, but tasteful, well-thought out souvenirs which honour the heritage monuments they are meant to remind us of. UNESCO guest curator Erik Kessels asked design students to come up with suitable souvenirs for 10 heritage sites in the Netherlands. 20 of those are now on show in a specially designed Souvenir House. Look out for the supremely uncomfortable Rietveld slippers and the Waddenzee ear plug. Here are the Souvenir House travel dates and venues. Be judged Museum De Lakenhal in Leiden is going to be renovated and has allowed its star attraction to travel to the Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam – its third outing in 450 years -where it will stay for the next two years. The work in question is the masterful Last Judgement (1526 -27) by Lucas van Leyden which is considered to be one of the most important surviving altar pieces in the Netherlands. The triptych has been given pride of place in the museum’s hall of fame. 2016-2018, Rijksmuseum Amsterdam Be moved by an Italian in Albania Dynasty Marubi - A hundred years of Albanian photography tells the fascinating story of Italian photographer Pietro Marubi who traveled to Shkodra in Albania in 1850 (apparently for political reasons; Marubi supported Garibaldi) and started a photo studio where not only the great and the good came to have their portrait taken – king Zog among them – but also shepherds and criminals. Marubi’s assistant Kel took on his name when Pietro died and eventually passed the studio on to his son. The studio’s archive consists of some 150,000 glass negatives. The selection of photographs chosen for the exhibition depict social rituals, folkloric costumes and (group) portraits from Ottoman to Communist times in a country most of us know little about. September 16 - November 27, Foam Amsterdam Visit a house of horror House of Horror is the completely new show from one of the world’s greatest illusionists - Dutchman Hans Klok. There are new illusions, with girls disappearing and reappearing at lightning speed, and some top circus acts. And to create the right atmosphere, there are flickering candles, ghosts wandering across the stage and mist rising from beneath the stage. From August 14 at the Carre theatre in Amsterdam Ask is it art? The Stedelijk Museum presents Dream out loud: Designing for tomorrow’s demands. Social design, the Stedelijk explains, is all about ‘new technologies’, and ‘seeking solutions for humanitarian or ecological disasters and ‘using fiction to make the inconceivable conceivable’. 26 artists have been invited to show how to create art with a conscience. Not all works immediately strike one as being particularly helpful in a crisis. A (very pretty) carpet made from cocktail stirrers, for example, makes a good case for recycling but not very much else. The Post-disaster Shelter for Haiti by Pieter Stoutjesdijk, however, designed in the aftermath of the Haitian earthquake and which can be made from locally produced materials is an altogether more useful proposition. But is it art? Until January 1 2017, Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam Check out the chairs Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen is celebrating the centenary of Dutch ‘nieuwe zakelijkheid’ furniture maker Gispen with a special exhibition called Gispen Specials – the customer is king. The exhibition will present 50 designs, some of which have never been shown before, that were produced in very small numbers for specific purposes, such as a cast iron chandelier for a church or an extra-large conference table for the Van Nelle factory. You won’t find those on Marktplaats (but pretty much everything else). September 10-February 26, Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen Rotterdam Enjoy free theatre Theatre, discussion, performance art, film, music, animation, dance, video game art..all this and more crammed into 11 days of freshly created, vibrant and totally free cultural offerings from artists from all corners of the world. There is much to choose from so here is the programme. September 1 –September 11, Amsterdam, various venues Have a good laugh The British comedian Bill Bailey brings his new show, Limboland, to the Netherlands and talks about the gap between how we imagine our life to be and how it really is. He recounts the hilarious saga of a disastrous family trip to Norway to see the Northern Lights. He rails against a world that doesn’t match up to our expectations and contemplates the true nature of happiness. There is also music in the form of Bill’s version of the protest song, and a fabulously downbeat version of Happy Birthday. RAI, Amsterdam, September 23; 013, Tilburg, September 24. Advance warning Brian Ferry at the Carre in Amsterdam on October 5.  More >


Biertje anyone? Here’s some key facts about Dutch beer

Biertje anyone? Here’s some key facts about Dutch beer

Beer brewing in the Netherlands dates back to the 9th century, though craft beer has recently experienced a considerable resurgence. Ever since Heineken won the gold medal for its pilsner at the World’s Fair in 1889, the Dutch have been known for that brewery and style, but there is much more to Dutch beer than that. Here are some facts. Beer was not more common than water It’s commonly said that beer was more popular than water in Medieval Europe and the reason often given is that the water was contaminated and beer, which had to be boiled during the brewing process, was cleaner. While this is a great story, it isn’t true. It is true that people living in Medieval Europe, including the Netherlands, did consume a considerable amount of beer. Beer was inexpensive (unlike wine, which was for the rich) and significantly lower in alcohol than what we consume today. It also had an advantage over water - it contained calories. For the average Medieval labourer, it was akin to cola. The oldest brewery Brand is the oldest continuously operating Dutch brewery. It has been in operation since 1340, though it wasn’t purchased by the Brand family until 1871, when the then owner, Jan Hendrik Hubert L'Ortye, sold it to Frederik Edmond Brand. The original brewery was part of the charter of Wijlre which gave the city aldermen the sole right to appoint a city brewer. The big brewers Brewers in the Netherlands produce 2,300 million litres of beer per year, mainly at the large macro breweries like Heineken, Amstel and Grolsch. Of this, nearly 50% is exported, a larger proportion than any other brewing nation. This makes the Netherlands the second biggest exporter of beer in the world, after Mexico. More than 37% of Dutch beer sent abroad went to the US. Craft Brewers Not all the beer produced or consumed in the country comes from one of the big breweries. Brouwerij 't IJ in Amsterdam is the oldest of the new wave of craft breweries and was started in 1985. There are now over 250 small breweries operating commercially within the country with names like Oersoep (primordial soup), Oedipus Brewings, Frontaal and Brouwerij de 7e Hemel. Trappist and Bok The Order of Cistercians of the Strict Observance are more commonly known as Trappists or Trappist monks, members of a religious order founded in France who produce goods to support the monastery, including cheese, wool and, of course, beer. Most of the trappist breweries are located in Belgium but two are in the Netherlands: Brouwerij de Koningshoeven, more commonly know as La Trappe and and Zundert, which was introduced in 2013. The Dutch also have their own version of bok beer, which originally hailed from Germany. According to the official rules, bok must only be for sale between September 21 and December 21 each year. It is so popular in the Netherlands there are bok beer festivals in Amsterdam and Utrecht. How much beer do the Dutch drink? The Dutch drink, on average, 77 litres of beer per person per year, ranking them 14th in the world in terms of beer consumption. The largest portion of that (nearly 95%) is the pilsner style, popularised by Heineken and others. Biertje? If you walk into a bar in the Netherlands and order a biertje (little beer), you will be served a beer which will probably be the house beer (whichever major brewery they have a contract with.) That beer will probably be served in a .20l fluitje (little whistle) glass. Or it may be served in a vaasje (little vase) which can come in a variety of sizes, most commonly .33l. Unlike the English and the Americans, the Dutch don’t commonly serve pints. And unlike the Belgians, they don’t have a special glass for every beer. Bruin Cafes Your typical bruin cafe (brown cafe) is aptly named. The wooden floors, furniture and walls (either from wood panelling or years of smoking) will all be some shade of brown. This is your typical Dutch haunt and there are thousands all over the country. You can order a normal beer or perhaps some bitterballen. Don’t forget to pay your bill at the end of the evening; the bartender will normally keep track of your drinks on a scrap of paper behind the bar. Beer proverbs There are many sayings involving beer but most are never used and frankly we think that beer enthusiasts make them up as they go along. The best-known are 'Wanneer het bier is in de man dan is de wijsheid in de kan' which roughly means that you mustn't expect a person with a belly full of beer to explain the theory of relativity with any clarity. Another one is Bier na wijn geeft venijn, wijn na bier geeft plezier.  It means drinking beer after wine will give you a headache whereas drinking wine after beer will make you jolly and hangover-free. Cheers.  More >


Bilingual People: language recruitment fairs for international job-seekers

Bilingual People: language recruitment fairs for international job-seekers

Thanks to its strong economy, the Netherlands is certainly becoming a European hub recruiting for bilingual and multilingual candidates in Europe. The high quality of life standards in most cities throughout the country, also makes the Netherlands one of the most attractive location for candidates with language skills looking for an international career. (source: toplanguagejobs.com) NEXT BILINGUAL PEOPLE FAIR: AMSTERDAM, 10th SEPTEMBER – NH GRAND KRASNAPOLSKY Register HERE (Please see below for a list of future events or visit www.bilingualpeople.com) At the Bilingual People fairs, companies based in-country are offering Bilingual / Multilingual job-seekers a chance to find their ideal job either for career progression or to kick start a new career. However, the Bilingual People fairs are not just about local opportunities but also about offering candidates (especially for German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian and French speakers) a chance to look for global opportunities. An international experience is nowadays a great asset on a CV, and gives the opportunity to develop professional and personal skills. Therefore, Bilingual People fairs welcome companies looking for the right candidates to relocate and recruit bilingual and multilingual candidates for their available positions across Europe. Reasons to attend the Bilingual People Fairs: Meet local and international companies that are interested in recruiting for people with language skills, both for positions locally, and also throughout Europe. Apply and discuss opportunities for a wide range of positions across many industry specifications including Sales, Customer Service, IT, Tech Support, Accountancy/Finance, Gaming/ Betting and many more You will be able to meet leading employers as well as recruitment agencies under one roof, saving you time and energy when looking for your new job! You will be able to talk to leading employers and agencies face-to-face and discuss a wide range of employment opportunities. Most in demand languages: German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian and French Upcoming Bilingual People Fairs: Physical events -           Krakow, 1st October – Sheraton Hotel Virtual events (ONLINE) -           Ireland Relocation Virtual Recruitment Fair, 22nd September -           UK Multilingual Virtual Recruitment Fair, 13th October -           German Relocation Virtual Recruitment Fair, 27th October Further info on www.bilingualpeople.com  More >


11 things you need to know about marriage in the Netherlands

11 things you need to know about marriage in the Netherlands

Planning to marry a Dutchie or attend the wedding of Dutch friends? Here's a few key facts and other things you ought to know first. 1 How many weddings? Around 64,300 couples tied the knot in the Netherlands in 2015 (of which 1,259 were same sex couples). In addition around 13,000 people agreed a registered partnership, which is legally like a wedding but without the ceremony and cake. 2 How old are the happy couple? The average age for a man to tie the knot is 37 while women are 34. By this time, they are statistically likely to have at least started having children. The charming, if biologically incorrect title for the second family of a man who has married before is tweede leg or second lay - referring to hens and eggs not two sexual encounters. 3 Church or registry office? In the Netherlands church weddings have to be preceded by a registry office wedding by law, otherwise you are not married at all. Unlike a registry office marriage, which is easily dissolved, a union blessed by the church is slightly trickier to get out of: ‘What God has joined together let no man break asunder’. An annulment is your only option. 4 The registrar's speech During the civil ceremony, weddings couples have to submit to a little speech about themselves given by the registrar - who has possibly only met them once. These usually focus on how the couple met and perhaps work in some mildly embarrassing mishaps following that momentous event. Some registrars, however, like to take control and may ask questions like ‘Why are you getting married?’ to which you may not instantly want to say ‘Well, for tax reasons, of course’. 5 Free weddings Cheapskates and genuinely poor people can get married for free: councils set aside certain times for this (usually early in the morning, they are not THAT charitable). Be prepared to have your friends and relatives tell you they will ‘come around later’ when there is a prospect of drinks and nibbles. 6 What does it all cost? According to the Nationaal Trouwonderzoek, the average Dutch wedding costs €15,000. That is probably the reason the most popular wedding gift is money (and 46% admit to counting it during the wedding night when they should have better things to do.) If you are a foreigner, however, you will need lots more cash and patience to get all your official documents certified as being genuine in your country of origin. 7 Wedding proverbs Surprisingly there are not so many sayings involving marriage in Dutch but there are a few: Trouwen is houwen: once you are married you are, or should be, with that person for life. If a Dutch person tells you Zo zijn we niet getrouwd he means: that was not the deal. Van bruiloft komt bruiloft means that one wedding usually augurs another. A famous Dutch joke is that there is only one word which rhymes with ‘huwelijk’ (marriage) - ‘afschuwelijk’ (horrendous). 8 Etiquette Wedding etiquette is a minefield and the Netherlands is no exception. Who to invite just for the ‘receptie’ (reception) so they can hand over the pressie and push off, and who to invite for both the reception and the ‘trouwfeest’ (wedding party) later on? If you are marrying a Dutch person, be warned that the party may include lots of silly sketches and songs about the happy couple performed by family and friends of your partner. 9 Legal stuff Unless you sign a prenup of some sort, all the assets you owned before the marriage, or which are inherited or gifted by others, become the property of both of you. This also applies to debts... which can lead to nasty surprises if your partner is a secret gambler. However, moves are underway to change this - supporters in parliament say this will reduce rows about dividing up assets during a divorce. Positive thinking there then. Married women in the Netherlands also tend to keep their own name, or join it to that of their husband, as in the case of grandly named Dutch transport minister Melanie Schultz van Haegen-Maas Geesteranus. This also makes it easier to revert back your maiden name if necessary. 10 Divorce And that brings us to divorce. Of course, not everyone lives happily ever after. In 2014, 35,409 couples decided to call it a day. The average age for a man to get divorced was 47 while the women checked out at 43. The average time people managed to stay together was around 15 years. 11 Anniversaries Of course if you make it past 10 years, there is more celebrating to do. For some strange reason 12.5 years (copper) is the first landmark anniversary - which is easy to forget. Then comes  25 (silver) and 50 (gold). If you got married 70 years ago, and you can still remember the happy occasion, you’ll be celebrating your platinum wedding anniversary. 80 is oak, the oak presumably referencing the coffin you will be buried in quite soon after.  More >


12 men who helped shape the Netherlands into what it is today

12 men who helped shape the Netherlands into what it is today

They've given their names to schools, to squares and to streets - every Dutch town seems to have a Hugo de Grootstraat, for example - but who are the men behind the name plates? Here's a quick profile of 12 masters of war, learning and thought who helped shape the Netherlands into the country it is today. Willibrordus Willibrordus (658- 739), a Northumbrian priest, is the most famous missionary to come to the Netherlands. Called the ‘apostle of the Low Countries’, he had no success whatsoever converting the stubborn Friesians to Christianity. It wasn’t until the end of his life when he had settled in Utrecht that cohorts of missionaries sent into Frisian territory managed to convert some – but not all – Frisians. Erasmus Desiderius Erasmus (1466 – 1536) was a priest, philosopher, writer and humanist whose best-known work is In Praise of Folly (1509), a satire on the follies of mankind, the vanity and frippery of bishops and princes of the church included. The book paved the way for the Reformation. Erasmus was an educational reformist as well: he disapproved of corporal punishment and thought the study of the Latin and Greek texts would teach children all the moral values they needed. Charles V Charles V (1500- 1558), Holy Roman Emperor, king of Spain and regent of the Low Countries (the area that now covers the Netherlands, Luxembourg and Belgium) decided to turn the 17 provinces into an administrative union in an effort to make some of the bits of his vast empire a bit more manageable. This is seen as a first step towards Dutch nationhood. William of Orange William of Orange (1533-1584) is regarded as the ‘father of the fatherland’. His revolt against fiercely catholic Philip the Second of Spain who was tightening his religious and financial grip on the Netherlands started the Eighty Years’ War which eventually led to the independent United Provinces in 1581. Philip put a price on his head and French Catholic Balthasar Gérard took him up on it. In 1584 he shot William in the Prinsenhof in Delft where the bullet holes in the wall can still be seen. Hugo de Groot Hugo de Groot (1583-1645) was a lawyer and theologian. He wrote his book De Jere Belli ac Pacis (On the law of War and Peace) in exile having famously fled his native country concealed in a book chest after his religious work got him in trouble with the authorities. That publication earned him the title of ‘father of international law’. Rembrandt van Rijn Rembrandt van Rijn (1606-1669), the Netherland’s finest painter and ongoing source of income for the Dutch tourist industry, was born a miller’s son. Apprenticed to Pieter Lastman, Rembrandt began a career that would yield some 280 etchings and 300 paintings, although the exact number of paintings remains a bone of contention. Rembrandt is best-known for his use of clair-obscur and rendering of rich textures. He is, possibly, best-loved for his self-portraits which give us an impression of the man. Michiel de Ruyter Michiel de Ruyter (1607 – 1676) went from being an unruly rope maker’s apprentice to becoming the saviour of the Dutch republic. After a successful career at sea he was made lieutenant-admiral of the fleet in 1665 to fight the Brits in three consecutive Anglo-Dutch wars. In a daring feat he attacked- and clobbered- the British fleet at Chatham in 1667, securing an advantageous peace for the Dutch. Baruch Spinoza Baruch Spinoza (1632-1677) was a philosopher and mathematician. His magnum opus is Ethica in which he proposed his radical theory that god equals nature. This flew in the face of conventional religious beliefs as did his contention that the Thora – Spinoza was a Sephardic Jew - and the Bible were the work of man, not God. His works were banned and Spinoza had to rely on his skills as a lens cutter and the kindness of friends to survive until his death from tuberculosis in 1677. Willem I In 1813, when the  Napoleonic empire collapsed Willem I (1772 - 1843) became the first sovereign king of the Netherlands. In 1815 Austria handed Willem Belgium as well, much to the Belgians' disgruntlement. Willem governed with an iron hand. His motto was ‘The old times will soon live again’, and he set about promoting trade, infrastructure and industry, not forgetting to pocket some of the proceeds himself. When he decided Dutch should become the first language of the realm, the French speaking Belgians started a revolt which ended in the independence of Belgium in 1839 and a curtailment of his power through the inclusion of ministerial responsibility in the constitution. A humiliated Willem I then abdicated in favour of his son Willem II. Multatuli (Eduard Douwes Dekker) After a largely unsuccessful career int the Dutch East Indies Multatuli (1820-1887) published the book he is most famous for: Max Havelaar or the Koffieveilingen van de Nederlandsche handelsmaatschappij (Max Havelaar or the Coffee Auctions of a Dutch Trading Company). In it he criticised the dire treatment of the local Javanese population by the Dutch 'robber state on the sea between East Friesland and the Scheld'. The book 'sent a shiver' through the country but did little to help the Javanese. It did put Multatuli on the map as a writer, however. Max Havelaar went on to the be name of a Dutch fair trade organisation. Cornelis Lely Engineer and waterworks minister Cornelis Lely (1854 -1929) is the father of the Zuiderzeewerken, a project to increase the amount of  fertile agricultural land and protect the surrounding country from floods. The unruly Zuiderzee was turned into what is now the IJsselmeer, Waddenzee and various polders. The best-known feature of the Zuiderzeewerken is the Afsluidijk, literally the closing-off dyke.  Lely launched his plan in 1891 (many earlier plans had come to nought) but had to wait until 1920 to see the first steps towards the realisation of the project. He died in 1929 and never saw the completion of the Afsluitdijk in 1932. Willem Drees Labour prime minister Willem Drees (1887-1988) introduced the ‘Emergency help for the elderly’, a precursor of the 1956 state pension law, in the Netherlands in 1948, having seen at first hand the misery of the crisis of the 1930s.  It earned him the nickname ‘Vadertje ( little father) Drees’ and the undying gratitude of the nation. Drees was renowned for his frugality. The best-known (but perhaps apocryphal) story is about Mrs Drees offering a visiting American diplomat a cup of tea and a humble Maria biscuit. It convinced him that here was a man who wouldn’t squander what Marshall help he was given. Drees is regarded as one of the architects of the welfare state. When he died at 101 years of age he had been a recipient of the state pension he had established for 36 years. You will have noticed, of course, that all these leading lights are male. So to restore the balance, check out our list of 10 women who made waves in the Netherlands  More >


Gay Pride marketing: all puns and profit

Gay Pride marketing: all puns and profit

The Gay Pride festival is used by many companies to promote their products. But let's have some really gay-friendly policies on the workfloor, says Joep van Zijl, head of The News Makers. There’s funny puns like Power to Joohoo! (Vodafone) and AH to gay (Albert Heijn), and a tasty gaybar in a rainbow wrapping (Tony’s Chocolonely). And let’s not forget those amusing sausage and tompouce t-shirts from the Hema. It’s easy for companies to show a gay-friendly face. But actually having gay-friendly policies in place is much more important. My first reaction on seeing the Hema pride t-shirts (sausage heart sausage, tompouce heart tompouce) was: how nice, and what a fantastic idea! Here we have two intensely Dutch iconic Hema products used in a brilliant marketing campaign for EuroPride 2016, with the added bonus that the profits are going to the Gay-Straight Alliance, an organisation of students and teachers who want their school to be a safe place for everyone. Many companies are latching on to Gay Pride to show they’re absolutely fine with homosexuality.  Unfortunately most of their campaigns are primarily focused on promoting the name and image of the company and increasing turnover. As an entrepreneur and owner of a communications bureau I understand this completely but I also think companies should be serious about diversity and acceptance and tell the world they are. Limited acceptance It’s very amusing and commercially attractive to see people walking around with cream cakes and sausages plastered across their chests. But wouldn’t the Hema’s message have been much more powerful if the marketing department had communicated what it does to promote the acceptance of lesbians, gays, bisexuals and transgenders (the LGBT community) on its own workfloor? What is the Hema doing to make sure its employees can be themselves and feel safe enough to come out to their work colleagues? Christian conservative paper Reformatorisch Dagblad quoted a spokesperson of the Hema as saying that the company is not identifying itself with the participants in the canal parade who, in the words of the paper’s journalist, often walk around ‘half naked in tiny latex suits’. Supporting the acceptance of the LGBT community is one thing but losing customers is another, that much is clear. Loo pride Meanwhile the boys and girls at the Unilever marketing department have come up with a doozy. Their campaign, called Plee Pride (Loo Pride), is meant to put the spotlights on Glorix bleach. They are calling on people living along the parade route to open their toilets- to be turned into to veritable gay thrones courtesy of Unilever - to  desperate members of the public. The consumer goods giant is also providing Loo Pride ambassadors and toilet ladies and uses social media to point visitors to the pink pee locations. What a clever ploy to solve the problem of overflowing public toilets and visitors peeing on people’s doorsteps, you might think. But the risks attached to a massive invasion of private loos are not carried by Unilever but by the people themselves. They receive a small amount of money for every visit which they can either keep or donate to Community Approaches to Total Sanitation (CATS), a programme run by Unilever and Unicef to improve sanitation in developing countries. I don’t begrudge anyone proper sanitation. But why doesn’t Unilever double the final amount and donate it to an organisation dedicated to supporting the LGBT community? What on earth does this have to with Gay Pride? Glorix bleach is proving itself to be an efficient product: the colours of the rainbow flag have definitely faded into nothing. This article was published earlier in the NRC  More >


From the sprint to swimming: Dutch ones to watch at the Rio Olympics

From the sprint to swimming: Dutch ones to watch at the Rio Olympics

The Netherlands has sent a team of 241 athletes to the Olympic Games in Rio which kick off later this week. In total the Netherlands will be represented in 21 of the 28 disciplines at the games, well up on the London squad who returned with 20 medals, including six golds. So it be medals galore for the Netherlands this year?  Here are some sportsmen and woman who stand a more than fair chance of bringing home the gold, silver or bronze. 1 Athletics Dafne Schippers is, of course, among the favourites for the 100m and 200m sprints. Will she repeat her performance at last year’s world championships – silver and gold respectively - or will she do even better? The Dutch women also took the 4x100m relay title at the European championships in Amsterdam, so they too could be in for a prize. In other athletics events, Hassan Sifan is considered to be a contender in the 1,500m while Anouk Vetter and Nadine Broersen have both made names for themselves in the heptathlon. 2  Swimming Ranomi Kromowidjojo, Femke Heemskerk, Sharon van Rouwendaal and Inge Dekker have proved themselves over and over in the swimming events and are sure to make their way to the podium to pick up a medal in Rio, either for the individual or the team events. For the 10k open water race, 2015 world championship silver medallist Ferry Weertman is the one to watch. 3 Water polo The Dutch water polo team, good for gold in Beijing, may repeat that surprise performance. 4 Sailing Marit Boumeester (Womens’ laser) and Dorian van Rijsselberghe (windsurfing) are both Olympic medal winners and are expected to do well. The Dutch rowing team won three bronze medals during the last world championships in Aiguebelette and could do equally well, or better, in Rio. 5 Judo Henk Grol and Edith Bosch are among the best judo contenders, both having gained a bronze medal in London. Kim Pollling took gold at the 2014 European judo championships. 6 Gymnastics Epke Zonderland and Yuri van Gelder are the Dutch hopefuls for the men’s gymnastics events. The Wevers twins may make the difference for the women’s gymnastics team. 7 Cycling Tom Dumoulin was widely tipped as a gold medallist in the time trial event but after crashing out of the Tour de France, his participation is still uncertain. 8 Equestrianism Reigning European and world champion show jumper Jeroen Dubbelman and his horse Zenith are definitely going for gold. Dubbelman is said to be focusing on a team gold as it’s the only medal that is missing from his collection. Hans Peter Minderhoud is tipped as a potential dressage medalist. 9 Hockey They did it in London and Beijing and they could very well do it again in Rio: the Dutch women’s hockey team is in with a chance. Their male counterparts – winners of the European Championships final in 2015 against Germany – will be meeting the Germans again early in the tournament. 10 Other events Other potential medal winners include Reinder Nummerdor and Christiaan Varenhorst for beach volleyball, Niek Kimman (BMX) and middleweight boxer Nouchka Fontijn. The complete list  More >


10 great things to do in August

Here's our round-up of some of the best things to do this August, from a travelling theatre to a house of horror, from having a good laugh to checking out portraits of kings and queens. Botero’s podgy people Botero: Celebrate Life! is a retrospective of nearly a hundred colourful paintings, drawings and pastels by Columbian artist Fernando Botero (1932) plus ‘Caballo’, his giant sculpture of a horse. Botero satirises – religion, the rich and powerful, his country’s violent history- and admires: his podgy version of the Arnolfini portrait, a homage to Van Eyck, is something to behold. In Rotterdam until September 11. www.kunsthal.nl The circus is in town From August 12 to 28  De Parade touches down in Amsterdam with a preview of what’s on offer in the new cultural season. Performances of music, theatre, dance, opera and mime take place in tents, adding to the circus-like atmosphere. Many of the performances – which last between 3 and 43 minutes – are in Dutch but some are in English. Full programme on www.deparade.nl Royal photographs You have until August 21 to visit an exhibition of photographer – to- the-royals Vincent Mentzel’s best pics over 30 years of snapping the members of the royal family, on public occasions and in the privacy of their palace.  Paleis Het Loo in Apeldoorn forms the impressive backdrop to the exhibition. www.paleishetloo.nl Blz? Shake the sand out of your cozzie and head from Scheveningen to the Lange Voorhout in The Hague for Brasil Beleza?! , a collection of outdoor sculptures by 25 Brazilian artists. Beleza (shortened to ‘blz’ on social media) means ‘beauty’ but is also a cool  (well it was yesterday) way of saying ‘What’s up? Everything ok? Yeah fine’. Perhaps not something we should ask our Olympic hopefuls as they check out their accommodation. http://beeldenaanzee.nl/nl/brasil-beleza Awfully fascinating A grisly but fascinating exhibition for the voyeur in all of us is Crime Scenes: A Hundred Years of Photographic Evidence at the Netherlands Photo Museum in Rotterdam until August 21. It’s the first exhibition to show how photography has been used as visual evidence, from murder cases to the reconstruction of drone attacks in Pakistan in 2012.  https://www.nederlandsfotomuseum.nl/ Don’t forget the insect repellent The Hortus Festival is another opportunity to get out the insect repellent: this series of classical concerts takes place in the Netherlands’ most beautiful gardens. The festival features music by Schumann, Chausson, Schoenberg, Listz and Mendelsohn played by the Hortus String Ensemble. Venues include Hortus Botanicus in Amsterdam, Oude Hortus in Utrecht, Hortus Botanicus in Leiden, Hortus Haren and Trompenburg in Rotterdam. Until August 28. Check out the programme on http://www.hortusfestival.nl/   Picasso and Dutch cheese In the summer of 1905, the young Picasso stayed in the province of North Holland for a few weeks. He visited the cheese market, studied the windmills and recorded this new ‘exotic world’ in his sketch books. The exhibition includes two sketch books from the collection of the Picasso Museum in Paris, and the paintings Les trois Hollandaises from the Centre Pompidou in Paris and La belle Hollandaise from the Queensland Art Gallery in Brisbane. Stedelijk Museum, Alkmaar until August 28. www.stedelijkmuseumalkmaar.nl Dance in the valley If you’re quick you can still find tickets to Dance Valley, the Netherlands’ oldest dance festival in Spaarnwoude, near Haarlem. This year’s line-up includes Carnage, Dannic, Headhunterz , Yellow Claw and many others. August 13. http://dancevalley.com/  The website also offers festival fashion tips Visit a house of horror House of Horror is the completely new show from one of the world’s greatest illusionists - Dutchman Hans Klok. There are new illusions, with girls disappearing and reappearing at lightning speed, and some top circus acts. And to create the right atmosphere, there are flickering candles, ghosts wandering across the stage and mist rising from beneath the stage. From August 14 at the Carre theatre. Have a good laugh Louis C.K. is one of the world’s best stand-up comedians. He sells out Madison Square Gardens in New York and recently won a Grammy for his latest comedy album. He has had over 30 Emmy nominations for his tv shows and has been seen in films such as American Hustle and Woody Allen’s Blue Jasmine. Note: Louis C.K. has requested that tickets be sold on names so that all fans have the opportunity to buy tickets at face price. Ziggo Dome, Amsterdam, August 16. www.ziggodome.nl  More >


The best of Dutch beaches: from Lloret de Holland to Timboektoe

The best of Dutch beaches: from Lloret de Holland to Timboektoe

While moaning about the bad weather may be a national pastime in the Netherlands, the country has an important and thriving beach culture – as soon as the sun comes out. Here's our guide to Dutch beach culture and the best Dutch beaches. The Dutch coast stretches over 1,900 kilometres, from the Wadden Sea Islands in the north to the Dutch-Belgium border in Zeeland. There are naturist areas, surfer hang-outs, family beaches and a wide selection of beach bars, ranging from the super hip to fried fish-bits and beer outlets. Even on a summer day, that first toe in the water confirms that North Sea waters are brown and cold, and a far cry from the tempting warm, crystal clear blue waters of the Mediterranean. Chilly But this does not discourage the multitude of visitors from braving the waves on summer days. Sea temperatures range from a cold 2 Celsius to an unusually warm maximum of 20 degrees in the height of summer. Local surf schools recommend wearing a wetsuit all year around to combat the colder water temperatures, especially if swimmers plan to be in the water for an entire surf lesson. In terms of water quality, the infrastructure ministry follows Brussels guidelines and carries out regular analysis of beach waters during the official bathing season (May 1 to September 30). Beaches flying a blue flag – the international symbol for a clean and safe beach - have met clean water and safety standards, and are therefore the best spots to hit the waves. Millions of people An estimated ten million visitors head to Dutch beaches each year. A large percentage of this figure can be attributed to the 2.5 million German tourists who cross the border seeking a place to plant a deckchair, to sit with toes digging in the sand, and to over-expose white bodies to UV rays. If horizontal sun worship and sand castles are not enough, numerous beach-side entertainment options are available:  taking surf lessons, playing beach football, yoga, indulging in local cuisine, heading into the dunes on bike or foot to explore local flora and fauna. The Netherlands has some 350 summer pavilions - most of which are only in place for the season. Beach regulars are familiar with the individual services and flavours of each of the pavilions, but newcomers may need to check menus and entertainment listings to ensure the food, music, chill zones and crowd suit them before pulling up a chair. The seasonal factor is also relevant to general pavilion business: a good summer means more visitors, hence better business. Fortunately the Dutch tradition of charging to use the toilet means there is always some income, irrespective of weather conditions. Overnight stays Where to stay on a Dutch beach holiday? The usual options of hotels, holiday parks, campsites, B&Bs are generally available. Another possibility is to rent one of the strandhuisjes, or beach huts, that temporarily line some of the Dutch beaches in the warmer months. This accommodation is suitable for self-catering couples with a maximum of two small children, who don’t mind living close to their neighbours. Many of the strandhuisjes on Zandvoort beach belong to Amsterdam residents, who have the option of living in or renting out the house during the beach season. If you are interested, you need to make early enquiries. Weather factors aside, Dutch beaches are the place to be on long summer days. Beach fanatics are even seen on the beaches during the winter months - walking dogs, jogging or fighting with the combination of waves and kite surfs. It is all a matter of finding the beach that matches the needs and relaxing requirements of the individual beach-goer. Here's our listing of 12 Dutch beaches with something for everyone: Bloemendaal aan Zee – easy to get to, all amenities and services available, and on a smaller scale than neighbouring Zandvoort. Bloomingdale beach bar is popular with the in-crowd while George Number 5 has a real south of France feel. Katwijk: Close to crowded Scheveningen, Katwijk boasts the oldest lighthouse in the Netherlands, has a delightful promenade and more space to spread your towel. Bergen: Close to the Schoorlse Duinen, Bergen is popular with nature lovers and artists. Renesse: 21 kms of beach with only about a dozen café/restaurants, some open all year round. Popular with youngsters in search of a good time and known by some as Lloret de Holland. Close neighbor is Ouddorp beach. De Koog on the island of Texel, the largest of the Wadden Sea Islands, and a very decent beach with something for every member of the family. Domburg: Located at the edge of a nature reserve, De Manteling, this is the oldest beach in Zeeland. Wide clean beach with accessible boardwalks, old historic buildings and numerous beach pavilions and cabins. Zandvoort: Busy coastal town and popular long strip of beach catering to most beach lovers. Some days the drone of racecars can be heard from the local racetrack, possibly a draw for some visitors. Kijkduin: Family friendly beach, 30-minute bike ride from Scheveningen. Children’s activities on offer include the lighthouse, the ‘Atlantis’ play boat and the artificial crater, ‘Het Hemels Gewelf’. Cadzand-Bad: Another Zeeland beach close to the Belgian border offering unspoilt beaches and many accommodation options. Scheveningen: Often compared to Coney Island in NY, critics claim it is too commercial and targeted at tourists. This seems to have little impact on the masses enjoying the beach on warmer days. In addition to the usual beach fare, Scheveningen offers a casino, cinema, bowling alley and a multitude of restaurants, cafes and beach pavilions. Velsen-Noord: Under the belching smoke of the Tata steelworks, the  beach is wide, wild and particularly suitable for surfing. Timboektoe started out as a popular surfers shack but is a great place for a sundowner.  More >


Celebrating the 100th Vierdaagse: key facts about the four day marches

Celebrating the 100th Vierdaagse: key facts about the four day marches

The Vierdaagse - or four day march - is a very Dutch institution in which some 50,000 people walk en masse up to 220 kilometres over four days for fun and glory. This year the Nijmegen Vierdaagse is celebrating its 100th edition. Here's some key facts 1 The first Vierdaagse The Vierdaagse first took place in 1909 when 306 (male and mostly military) participants started from 10 different army garrisons around the country to walk 35k a day for four days - four day events being very popular in the day. The idea was developed by the Dutch League for Physical Education because, according to some reports we've read, there were concerns that the arrival of motorised transport would hit military fitness. 2 The Nijmegen connection In 1925 the big official Vierdaagse moved to Nijmegen where it has remained ever since. The marches have a different route each day through Gelderland, Brabant and Limburg as well as Nijmegen and its outskirts. There were no marches in 1914 and 1915 and during World War Two which is why Nijmegen is celebrating 100 marches this year. 3 The start The Nijmegen Vierdaagse always starts on the third Tuesday of July at dawn. 4 Who is taking part? This year, people from 68 different countries around the globe are among the 50,000 who will start out, including Afghanistan, Ireland, Sweden and Vietnam. There are soldiers from 27 different countries on official list. The youngest competitors (and there are four of them) are just 11, including Karl Gunnergren from Hono in Sweden. The oldest walkers are Herman Dubie of Amsterdam and Jan Zwijnen of Huizen who are both 93. The oldest international competitor is Svend Sorensen (89) from Rask Molle in Denmark. 5 The rules The Vierdaagse is the only walking event of its kind to have rules about distances based on sex and age. Youngsters between 12 and 15 and the over 60s can sign up for a  30 kilometre daily march or more if they’re up to it. The minimum distance for men and women over 15 is 40 kilometres a day but a group of men who were born between 1967 and 1997 start with a minimum of 50 kilometres. The equality commission has labelled the difference ‘discriminatory’ several times but to no avail. This year, the super fit of both sexes can also opt for a 55 kilometre a day walk. 6 The weather The event takes place in summer, not the most reliable of seasons in the Netherlands, and the Vierdaagse organisers sensibly advises to come prepared for both rain and shine. In 2006 the Vierdaagse was cancelled when two people died of heat stroke on the first day of the event and no change in weather was expected. This year, the organisers are warning people to take care because high temperatures are expected all week, particularly on Wednesday. 7 Alternative events Many people feel the Vierdaagse has become a victim of its own success and are voting, literally, with their feet. They prefer to take part in less crowded walking events such as the Apeldoornse Vierdaagse. For children who are not yet up to the 30k challenge there is always the Avondvierdaagse, an evening event with distances kinder to small feet and popular at primary schools. If you are a parent with children at a Dutch primary school you are likely to find yourself roped in. 8 Gladiola The finishing line of the Vierdaagse is in Nijmegen’s St Annastraat which is called the Via Gladiola for the occasion, in acknowledgment of the city’s Roman past and the arduous nature of the event. The expression ‘De dood of gladiolen’ (death or gladioli) is supposed to hark back to Roman times too, a gladiolus being a Roman sword.  Participants are given great bunches of gladioli (the flower not sword) when they cross the finish. To mark the 100th event, gladiolus flower grower Theo Theunissen and plant breeder Hermien Challa have developed a ‘new’ flower called 'The walk of the world' which is shorter and lighter than its predecessor, and is therefore, apparently, easier for walkers to carry. 9 The rewards Those who manage to drag themselves over the finishing line, blisters and all, receive the so-called ‘kruisje’, or cross. It’s official title is ‘Cross for manifest marching ability’. 84-year-old Bert van der Lans is the official Vierdaagse record holder and is going to walk his 69th Vierdaagse this year. 9 This year's celebrations In order to celebrate the hundredth edition of the Vierdaagse a number of special events have been planned, such as the launch of a Vierdaagse wine (not to be imbibed on the way) and a one-off new model of Hi-Tec trainers. There will also be an exhibition about the Vierdaagse at Museum Het Valkhof  (until September 4). If you don’t want to walk you can always go to the Vierdaagse festival (16- 22 July) with music and lots events for children.  More >


Nine weird things to do in the Netherlands

Nine weird things to do in the Netherlands

And you thought the Netherlands was just about tulips, windmills and clogs. Don't you believe it. There are some very strange places to check out indeed. Visit the mummies of Wiewerd Wiewerd is a tiny hamlet built on terps - raised mounds - in deepest Friesland. The story goes that in 1765, carpenters working in the church found a crypt with 11 coffins containing bodies that had become mummified. They are thought to have been members of an obscure Christian sect called the Labadists who lived nearby. Four bodies and several mummified birds are in the crypt today - the missing bodies are thought to have been stolen by medical students at long gone Franeker university. To visit ring a bell on the church and someone from the village will come and open the door to let you in. Get weighed to see if you are a witch The village of Oudewater near Utrecht features on most lists of the Netherlands' prettiest villages but we consider it to be seriously strange. Forget the cobbled streets and canals - if you go to the town's weigh house, they will find out if you are witch. This is not because the good folk of Oudewater were determined to stamp out witchcraft but because, so the legend goes, they were exceedingly honest. Hundreds of people made their way to Oudewater in an effort to prove their innocence and no-one was ever found to be light enough to be a witch. You can still get a certificate to prove it. Visit 22 bits of Belgium, completely surrounded by the Netherlands Baarle Nassau is a town of some 6,000 people in Noord Brabant which contains rather large chunks of Belgium. In fact there are 22 little bits of Belgium in the locality, the smallest of which is named H22 and measures just 2,632 square metres. The complicated border is due to a lot of complicated medieval treaties, agreements, land-swaps and sales between local lords. The border marked out clearly on the streets so you know if you are in Belgium (Baarle-Hertog) or in the Netherlands (Baarle-Nassau). Walk round an island that does not exist The island of Schokland, which used to have several villages, was finally abandoned in 1859 on the orders of the government which was fed up of rescuing its population from floods. All the buildings were destroyed so that the Schokkers, as the locals were known, could not move back. Then in the 1940s, the Zuiderzee sea around the island was reclaimed and Schokland became part of what is now the Noordoostpolder. Follow the round Schokland walk and imagine how bleak it must have been to live on this swampy rise in the middle of the sea, especially in a storm. Go underground in Limburg The St Pietersburg caves in Limburg are not caves at all but mines - the result of 2,000 years of digging for marl - the mud stone used in building and agriculture. The digging, which began with the Romans, led to the creation of a labyrinth of 20,000 tunnels and passageways, many of which are covered in graffiti dating back centuries.The caves are also home to what the local tourist board says is the 'largest and oldest underground Christmas market in Europe'. We cannot imagine there are any others.... Spend time in a village devoted to prisons In the depths of darkest Drenthe is the prison village of Veenhuizen which was developed in the early 19th century as a place where anti-social families, the jobless and the poor of Amsterdam were sent to be reformed. In the late 19th century the complex was turned into a penal colony, which it remains to this day. One poorhouse remains and has been turned into a rather good museum and two of the prisons still hold prisoners - you can visit the outside in a minibus. The houses in Veenhuizen which were lived in by the warders (and still are) have names like 'rest is rust' and 'labour enobles'. Check out human and animal deformities Not for the fainthearted - the Vrolik Museum in the heart of the AMC medical centre in Amsterdam Zuidoost is devoted to pathological specimens - from jars containing club feet or Siamese twins to framed pieces of skin covered in tattoos. Go as low as you can It is somewhat disconcerting to stand next to a lorry park not far from Rotterdam and imagine that you are nearly seven metres beneath the sea. The Zuidplas polder near Rotterdam is 6.76 below sea level, making it the lowest point in the Netherlands. Until 1995, the Lage Land polder had been considered as low as you can go in the Netherlands but it lost its title when government officials decreed that Zuiderplas was a whopping great two centimetres lower. Have a drink in Sexbierum Okay, school boy humour we know, but Sexbierum must be one of the wackiest names for a Dutch village - perhaps even beating the charmingly named Muggenbeet (mosquito bite) in Overijssel. Unfortunately, the name of this Frisian village of under 2,000 souls does not derive from various vices but from a combination of the name of the pope Sixtus II and the Old Frisian word for house or barra. The village does have a rather fine mill, but its most recent appearance in the headlines came in March 2016 when some of its more youthful residents were given three months probation for tying a dead porpoise to the back of a car and riding around with it until the creature fell apart.  More >


Amsterdam gears up for the European athletics championships

Amsterdam gears up for the European athletics championships

Thousands of athletes from all over Europe are descending on Amsterdam this week for the European athletics championships which kick off on Wednesday. Representing 50 different countries, 1,500 sportsmen and women will be completing in 23 different disciplines over five days, ending in a half marathon through the city on Sunday. The first edition of the European athletics championships was held in Torino, Italy in 1934 and now, 82 years later, the 23rd edition is taking place for the first time in the Netherlands, with Amsterdam as host. Most of the events will take place at the Olympic Stadium, built for the 1928 Olympics and since refurbished to meet modern standards. But the qualification rounds for the javelin and discus are taking place on the Museumplein in the heart of the city, where the half marathon and the mass start 10k fun run on Sunday July 10 will also take place. Innovation It was on the Museumplein way back in in October 1886 that provided the backdrop to the first official athletics event in the Netherlands. At the 1928 Olympic Games in Amsterdam that innovative streak shone through again when women were allowed to compete for the first time. This year's innovation comes in the form of the International Para-Athletics Challenge (IPAC), which will be held in conjunction with the European championships for the first time. '‘It’s a wonderful thing for athletes to be able to compete in a fantastic event like this in their own country,' says Ellen van Lange, the 1992, 800 metres Olympic champion. 'Never before have so many Dutch athletes and potential medal winners competed in a European championship. Dutch athletes have been performing well internationally and that is all the more reason to turn this event into an unforgettable celebration.' Van Langen's win was the first gold medal for a Dutch athlete in a running event since Fanny Blankers-Koen’s Olympic triumphs of 1948.Today the Netherlands has several gold medal potentials, including Dafne Schippers and Sifan Hassan. Dutch athletes to watch The total Dutch squad is made up of 54 athletes, 26 men and 28 women. 1 Dafne Schippers is hot favourite for the 100m title and is not defending her 200m title which she won in Zurich two years ago. Since having made the decision to switch from the heptathlon last June, at the World Championships in Beijing, Schippers has won the 200m world title and taken silver in the 100m. 2 Sifan Hassan may very well do the Netherlands proud in the 1,500m race. Born in Ethiopia, Hassan became  both a Dutch citizen and a Dutch champion in 2013, winning a gold in the under 23 category at the 2013 Cross Country Championship. Hassan hasn’t looked back since and is also in with a chance in the 800m race. 3  Thijmen Kupers may also be in with a chance in the 800m. He finished third in European Indoor championships last year. 4 Susan Kuijken or Maureen Koster could bag a medal in the 5,000m while in the men's 5,000m Dennis Licht and Khalid Chouloud could make the winners’ podium. 5 The combined events (decathlon for men, heptathlon for women) could have a surprise in store in the shape of Eelco Sintnicolaas who was silver medalist at the Barcelona games in 2010. Nadine Broersen is also a medal hopeful. 6 Curaçao born Churandy Thomas Martina has competed in three Olympic Games and in 2011 decided to represent the Netherlands. A year later he won the 200m European title and in 2012 he achieved an honourable fifth place at the Olympics. 7 Parathlete Marlou van Rhijn is a former swimmer, but nowadays focuses on the 100m and 200m. She had her finest moment during the Paralympic Games in London in 2012, where she won silver in the 100m, followed by gold in the 200m.  More >


From crime scenes to sailing: 11 great things to do in July

From crime scenes to sailing: 11 great things to do in July

From crime scene photographs and circuses and from jazz to athletics, here's our pick of the best things to do in July. Check out the crime scene pictures This is the first exhibition to show how photography has been used as visual evidence. From Alphonse Bertillon’s metrical photographs, used in early 20th century murder cases, right through to the reconstruction of drone attacks in Pakistan in 2012, Crime Scenes presents eleven case studies illustrating the use of photography as legal evidence over the past century. Police photographs, records of mass graves, aerial photographs and satellite images: all have been used to identify the perpetrators or victims of crime. Netherlands Photo Museum, Rotterdam until August 21. www.nederlandsfotomuseum.nl Go to the theatre at the cinema Simon Godwin directs the highly expressive Paapa Essiedu (photo) in the title role in this largely black ensemble production of Shakespeare’s Hamlet. The focus here is less on politics than on the predicament of a prince who finds himself an outcast in his own land. Pathé cinemas, Amsterdam, and The Hague, July 14. www.pathe.nl Set sail The Kaag Week offers races for one, two and three-man boats in classes ranging from Falcon and Rainbow to Laser and Solo. The main attraction is the team events pitting Holland against Friesland in the Rainbow. The whole fleet of participating boats sails into harbour on the evening of July 14. Harboud, Warmond. July 14 to 17. www.kwvdekaag.nl Enjoy the thrill of the circus Canada’s Cirque Éloize returns to Amsterdam to reprise the show iD, a fizzing spectacle which mixes circus and urban dance to electric effect. A Chinese pole act has shades of West Side Story, contortion gets an extra edge when it meets break-dancing and a trampowall sequence is exhilarating. There’s even inline skating and trial bike tricks. Theater Carré, Amsterdam, July 27 to August 7. www.carre.nl Enjoy sculpture in Leiden The theme for this year’s outdoor exhibition of sculpture by young artists in Leiden is Life Sciences, as the city endeavours to provide a higher profile for its Bio Science Park. The artists taking part, who include Maaike Knibbe (photo is of her No Problem), Ruben Jager and Lorenzo Quintanilla, all made visits to the Bio Science Park for inspiration before creating the sculpture on display. Hooglandse Kerkgracht, Leiden until August 7. www.beeldeninleiden.com Visit the World Press Photo show This year’s winning World Press Photo is the Australian photographer Warren Richardson’s image of a baby being handed through the barbed wire along the border between Hungary and Serbia. It takes pride of place in the exhibition of other winners in various categories such as images of migrants wrapped in foil against the cold as they approach the Italian coast in a tiny boat, a married couple who get chemotherapy together hugging, a wrestling tournament in Sierra Leone and a young IS fighter being treated for burns in a Syrian hospital. Nieuwe Kerk, Amsterdam until July 10. www.worldpressphoto.org Experience Notion Motion An opportunity to experience Notion Motion, the huge installation by the Danish-Icelandic artist Olafur Eliasson. Inspired by the laws of nature, particularly the reflection of light on water, the installation is made up of three different light projections that explore the interaction between light and water. The impressive installation contains 20,562 litres of water and is made of 800 duckboard elements. It was Eliasson who had visitors lying on the floor of the Turbine Room at Tate Modern in London when his Weather Project was exhibited in 2003. Boijmans van Beuningen, Rotterdam until September 18. www.boijmans.nl Admire the Rembrandt couple Earlier this year, two Rembrandt portraits of a newly wed couple were bought jointly by the Netherlands and France. Portrait of Marten Soolmans was acquired by the Dutch state for the Rijksmuseum; Portrait of Oopjen Coppit by the French republic for the Musée du Louvre. Both paintings are on display in Amsterdam for three months, prior to being restored at the Rijksmuseum. Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam, July 2 until October 2. www.rijksmuseum.nl Enjoy the finest jazz, blues and salsa One of the world’s foremost jazz festivals also features music ranging from blues to salsa with a line-up of international singers and instrumentalists. One of this year’s highlights is saxophonist Kamasi Washington who plays numbers from his triple album The Epic with the strings from the Metropole Orchestra and a choir. Others appearing during the festival are guitarist Pat Metheny (photo) with bass player Ron Carter, Anthony Hamilton, Joe Bonamassa and Cécile McLorin Salvant, the jazz vocalist who won a Grammy in February for best vocal album. Ahoy, Rotterdam, July 8, 9 and 10. www.northseajazz.com Watch the cream of European athletics Just one month before the Olympic Games in Rio, 1300 of the best European athletes from 50 countries compete for medals in 44 disciplines. Among those taking part is Dutch golden girl Dafne Schippers, who is hot favourite to win the 100m and Sifan Hassan, who has her sights set on 1,500m gold. Olympic Stadium, Amsterdam, July 6 to 10. www.amsterdam2016.org Appreciate the rebel in Neil Young Legendary rocker Neil Young brings his Rebel Content tour to the Netherlands. With him is the band Promise of the Real, which includes Willie Nelson’s sons Lukas and Micah. The programme includes classic hits, lesser known songs and numbers from the recent album, The Monsanto Years. Ziggo Dome, Amsterdam, July 9. www.ziggodome.nl  More >


11 of the prettiest Dutch villages which aren’t too over-run by coach parties

11 of the prettiest Dutch villages which aren’t too over-run by coach parties

Cobbled streets, waterways, tiny thatched cottages covered with roses, secret gardens and wooden bridges - Dutch villages can be a delight. So this is a totally subjective compilation of places we think worth checking out - and which (we hope) won't be totally full of coach loads of tourists. Appingedam Appingedam first evolved on the banks of the Delf river in around 1200. With open access to the sea, it was somewhat prosperous and second only in importance in the region to Groningen. It enjoyed a resurgence as an industrial centre in the late 19th century and was home to the Appingedammer Bronsmotorenfabriek, which made ships motors until 2004. Appingedam's most famous attraction is the hanging kitchens above the Damsterdiep. Bourtange The leafy star-shaped fortified village of Bourtange in Groningen province has pretty houses, a charming central square and several museums and fortifications to poke around in. Totally renovated in the 1960s, Bourtange was built way back in 1593 to control the only road between Germany and the city of Groningen. It is now a big draw to German tourists from just over the border - so avoid public holidays. Bronkhorst Bronkhorst, in Gelderland, is technically a city but only has around 170 inhabitants. It used to be a lordship and its earliest known lord - Gijsbert - was first mentioned in 1140. Bronkhorst is just a stroll from the banks of the river Ijssel and has a nice little museum devoted to Charles Dickens which was set up by local fanatics. If you make a day trip of it, there are lots of castles to gawp at in nearby Vorden. De Rijp Less than an hour north of Amsterdam, De Rijp is a village of cottages with some grander buildings in between. You can rent a little electric boat and tour the waterways of the Beemster polder and there are some nice walks across the fields, if you really want to go off the beaten track. Information at the tourist office in the town hall. Popular with Dutch day trippers, there are lots of nice places for lunch. Doesburg Granted city rights in 1237, Doesburg has a strategic position along the Oude IJssel and Gelderse IJssel rivers, which helped boost its prosperity. Top attractions include the Doesburgse mustard factory and weighhouse (de Waag). The town also has a museum dedicated to the work of René Lalique with some 250 items of jewellery and glass and a cafe devoted to Elvis Presley. Durgerdam The dyke village of Durgerdam to the north east of Amsterdam dates from the 15th century and has a splendid view over the Buiten IJ - even though Amsterdam is encroaching on its skyline.  Of the 100 or so wooden houses, 73 are listed buildings. There is nothing much to do apart from walk or cycle along the waterfront, watch birds and admire. The sunsets can be particularly fine. If you are a cyclist, a trip taking in Uitdam, Ransdorp and Zuiderwoude as well is highly recommended. There are also buses, of course. Elburg Elburg is one of the Netherlands oldest settlements and was completely rebuilt in the 14th century, giving it the square street pattern it has today. The town's museum is housed in the imposing 15th century Agnieten convent. Opposite is a little house built into the old town walls - the muurhuisje - which is open to the public. Eext Eext, in Drenthe, is a charming village of thatched farmhouses and wide open spaces, with a few fine places to eat, a couple of hotels and a tiny museum. It is also home to a couple of hunebedden or megalithic burial chambers. Hotel Rikus is very reasonably priced, grows its own veg, serves massive breakfasts and organises bikes or walking tours for those that want them. Hindeloopen Hindeloopen is a little port town in Frisland, and one of the province's 11 cities. The Hindeloopen painting style – flowers and curly cues on a white, green, red or blue background – is the town’s main claim to fame. The people of Hindeloopen couldn’t get enough of it and covered absolutely every piece of furniture in it. The Hindeloopen Museum has lots of examples and more Hindeloopen history – including skating – besides. Thorn The village of Thorn in Limburg dates back to the 11th century and was home to an important convent for ladies of the nobility around that time. The white houses date back to the village's occupation by the French in 1794. They, so the story goes, introduced a tax on windows. The good folk of Thorn were said to be so poor that they bricked up their windows and whitewashed their homes to disguise the fact. Thorn has a small museum and a nice selection of cafes. Grand cafe Het Stift has a wide selection of local beers. Veere Veere in Zeeland is a gem of a village with some splendid medieval buildings and an enormous church (1348) that Napoleon’s soldiers used as a military hospital. Veere’s wealth stems from its position as a major port in the wool trade with Scotland back in the 15th century. The Schotse Huizen museum on the waterfront is well worth a visit. Our favourite place to stay is the Auberge De Campveerse Toren - built into part of the town walls. Veere can get very busy in the summer so we recommend a winter weekend away. Please note that Giethorn, the thatched cottage idyll where the locals get around by boat (ha ha), is such a massive tourist trap that we think it is worse than Venice and only worth visiting on a cold misty morning in November when no one else is around.  More >


It’s Father’s day, and this Dutch professor is exploring the real role of Dutch dads

It’s Father’s day, and this Dutch professor is exploring the real role of Dutch dads

Go to any park in the Netherlands on a sunny Wednesday afternoon and you are sure to find a good sprinkling of dads and their offspring, enjoying what has become known as a papadag. But despite the apparent popularity of daddy day, just one in four new Dutch fathers takes the unpaid paternity leave they are entitled to by law.  In April, Renske Keizer (32), made headlines when she was named the world's first professor of fatherhood or, to be more formal, she was appointed a professor of child development at the University of Amsterdam’s social and behavioural sciences department. Keizer's research focuses on the role fathers play in the early development of their children and how policy towards all parents can be improved. ‘As a professor of fatherhood, I aim to provide insights into the questions of whether, why, and in what ways, fathers influence their children’s development.’ Keizer told DutchNews.nl. Who gets the kids dressed? Earlier research by Keizer highlighted the 'old fashioned' division of roles in Dutch families. Compared with other Western countries the Dutch are very traditional, with mother working part-time and father as the breadwinner. And research last year by the national statistics office CBS showed that even in households where both parents work the same hours, mothers are much more likely than fathers to get their children dressed, put them to bed and stay home when the kids are sick. However, there are signs these entrenched attitudes are changing. New CBS figures show that 66% of young Dutch men plan to reduce their working hours when they become fathers - currently only 15% of dads do so. They may change their minds when confronted with the financial reality. Dutch fathers are only entitled to two days of paid leave, a sharp contrast to their counterparts in Belgium, who enjoy 19 weeks, or Germany, where nine weeks paid leave is the norm. Money is key Keizer suggests specific elements need to be incorporated into legislation on paternity leave if it is to be effective. These include making sure the leave is non-transferable and that there is adequate financial compensation. Time is also key. After all, she points out, paternity leave in Norway has taken nearly 30 years to become normal. Even with a strong financial incentive 'we still have to realise that it will most likely take one generation for the effects to become really visible in society’ Keizer says. Some fathers are actively campaigning for change. Peter Tromp, chairman of the Vader Kennis Centrum (VKC) in Utrecht, says he is pleased that the importance of a father’s role in child rearing and child development is finally becoming more widely understood. In 2005, Tromp was among the first Fathers for Justice activists in the Netherlands who, armed with their superhero costumes and headline catching protests, tried to raise public awareness of imbalance in the legal and social attitudes to fathers as parents. Rising divorce rates In the Netherlands, more women have entered the workplace and divorce rates have risen steadily since the 1960s. Currently, best estimates suggest 70,000 children a year are directly affected by divorce and the VKC estimates that around 40% of those children lose contact with their father by the end of the first year. ‘There’s been an enormous breakthrough in awareness around shared parenting,’ says Tromp. ‘The fathers we help often don’t know what rights their children or they themselves have.’ So, what is being done with all this new understanding? There is, for example, mounting pressure in the Netherlands for better paid paternity leave and the government has committed itself to a three-day increase. Tromp also points to the Council of Europe resolution on equality, shared parental responsibility and the role of fathers which passed unanimously last October. Unmarried fathers In the Netherlands itself, the liberal democratic party D66 is campaigning to change the paternity laws so that unmarried fathers automatically gain parental responsibility when they formally acknowledge a child and register it with the council. If adopted, the law would also apply to families with same sex couples and is intended to bring Dutch law up to date and better reflect modern societal attitudes to family structure; half of first born Dutch children are now born outside a formal marriage or registered partnership. Meanwhile, the VKC recently launched a new hallmark scheme for ‘father-friendly’ businesses in the Netherlands. ‘It’s like the Michelin guide for father-friendly companies’ says Tromp. ‘We seek to support every group of fathers; working fathers, migrant fathers, native Dutch fathers, young fathers, teenage fathers, divorced fathers, all of them and their children’. The VKC is holding its annual Fatherhood Symposium in October and Renske Keizer will be one of the keynote speakers.  More >


What Van Gogh’s Starry Night looks like – the wrong way round

What Van Gogh’s Starry Night looks like – the wrong way round

For centuries, people have been intrigued by the Mona Lisa’s smile, but Brazilian artist Vik Muniz was more interested in her back. Muniz has just opened a show at the Mauritshuis museum in The Hague revealing a side of the world’s most famous paintings that the public rarely sees: the back of the canvas. By Senay Boztas Talking his way into leading international museums, Vik Muniz photographed and then reproduced the flip side of paintings including the Mona Lisa (otherwise known as Leonardo da Vinci’s La Gioconda), Vincent van Gogh’s Starry Night (above) and Pablo Picasso’s Woman Ironing. Verso is his first ever museum exhibition of this 15-year project, and also has five works based on the Mauritshuis’s collection, including Johannes Vermeer’s Girl with a Pearl Earring and Johannes Vermeer’s View of Delft. Talking to DutchNews.nl on the phone from his next stop in Paris, he explained that in a digital world, seeing paintings as actual, physical objects is even more important – and the things he learned were surprising. 'As images, they have the ability to transcend their physical state. They can be broadcast, exist in different scales and formats, be electronic, and be anywhere,' he explains. 'The back of the painting reflects the artist’s studio, it has traces of how the painting was made, and it is something that is always changing. The front of the painting stays the same.' Labels and stickers In the exhibition space of the Mauritshuis, 15 works sit casually against the wall, only their backs visible, and with no immediate signs of what they are. But when you look more closely, you see a label here, a sticker there, a title there…and realise that this could be the back of an image you know very well. Muniz was first interested in the backs of paintings when he saw an installation by architect Lina Bo Bardi hung on glass easels in the Museu de Arte de São Paulo on a school trip. Instead of looking at the front, he was fascinated by the spiders’ webs and sense of medieval machinery on the back. So when he by chance saw Picasso’s Woman Ironing facing the wall at the Guggenheim Museum 40 years later, he persuaded the director to let him photograph it. This began a series of photographs which, with the help of his framer Barry Frier and specialist Tony Pinotti, he has made into an ancient-looking collection of physical models. Upside down ‘I think the most surprising thing is that they are very naïve: the back of the Mona Lisa, for instance, has an arrow and “this side up,”’ he laughs. ‘As if somebody’s going to hang La Gioconda upside down. ‘In the back of the wood of A Sunday on La Grande Jatte by Georges Seurat there’s an enormous amount of graffiti. People actually made marks with their names and the names of their loved ones, in a similar way you do in trees. ‘They punch holes in the back of these century-old stretchers as if they were doing it on a wall. There’s a polarisation of value there. The front is really precious and really expensive, and the back is like, you know, whatever – it’s just hardware.’ Creating these models – mostly owned by the artist – is actually a very expensive hobby. The material for relining Rembrandt’s The Anatomy Lesson of Dr Nicolaes Tulp had to be hand-made by a woman in New York who collects old looms, as it is no longer available. For the ‘Mona Lisa’, Muniz had to buy a whole tree. Discoveries The exhibition also contains a second room showing the time-consuming processes involved in ageing materials and recreating stamps and marks, plus a video of Muniz explaining his work. There’s also an audio-visual guide to show viewers the fronts of these famous works, and explain what the artist discovered. Emilie Gordenker, Mauritshuis director and curator of the exhibition, said she hoped it would be the first in a series encouraging modern artists to engage with its collection of Golden Age paintings. ‘The reaction has been really positive so far,’ she says. ‘I’m looking for new ways to reconsider our old collection and this is a very good way to do it.’ It’s almost too tempting to turn a painting round, but not really advisable as it would set off an alarm. In any case, Muniz confesses what’s on the front: ‘The back gives you clear evidence you are dealing with something that’s centuries old and the front is brand new wood and canvas. It’s funny!’ The exhibition continues at the Mauritshuis until 4 September.  More >


From allotments to zoos: The Atlas of Amsterdam is packed with weird facts

From allotments to zoos: The Atlas of Amsterdam is packed with weird facts

Discover Amsterdam from the comfort of your armchair with the Atlas of Amsterdam - a new book which contains hundreds of maps, graphs and photographs that bring the city to life. Curious about how many bikes are in the city or the main reasons for murder? Or perhaps you're interested in the city's international make-up or the fact the number of cannabis-selling coffee shops has halved to 176 in 20 years? Here's a selection of random facts There are 6,000 allotments in Amsterdam and its surrounding areas, and 3,000 people are on the waiting list for a space to grow their own veg. There are 3,800 cafes, bars and restaurants in Amsterdam, most of which are in the centre and Zuid. The Vondelpark was created for the Amsterdam elite who lived in the nearby mansions. Today the park is used by 10 million people every year. There are 145 football pitches in and around the city - yet Amsterdam only has one professional football team. Ajax players earn around €400,000 a year on average, excluding bonuses. Not much when you consider a player at FC Barcelona might pick up a cool €5.5m. Prostitutes used to mainly ply their trade in the De Pijp district in Zuid. Today’s main prostitution zone, De Wallen, only started to turn red in the 1960s. Amsterdam is home to 83 choirs, 50 orchestras and 39 theatre companies which benefit from some sort of official subsidy. The Royal palace on the Dam was first built as a town hall on 13,659 wooden piles. Amsterdam has the most national heritage sites in the Netherlands: 7,500 The oldest building still in existence is the Oude Kerk (1306) and the oldest home is at Warmoesstraat 90. It dates from 1485. There are 2,823 houseboats on the waters of Amsterdam and the city has 417,096 homes Around 70 of the city's shops have been open for more than a century. The oldest is the W H van der Meulen pharmacy on the Geldersekade, where pharmacists have prepared potions and pills since 1696. Every day 1,259 trams cross the Leidseplein. Every day 15 people die in Amsterdam and 30 people are born. For more information about the Atlas visit the Noordhoff Uitgevers website. Or buy a copy directly from the ABC.   More >


The work of Helmut Newton takes over Amsterdam’s Foam gallery

The work of Helmut Newton takes over Amsterdam’s Foam gallery

A major exhibition of the work of photographer Helmut Newton (1920-2004) takes over the entire building of photography museum Foam on Amsterdam’s Keizersgracht from June 17. Helmut Newton: A Retrospective features over 200 photographs, ranging from early prints seldom on display to monumental photographs. Most of them are vintage prints from the collection of the Helmut Newton Foundation in Berlin. There is also the opportunity to see Helmut by June, the film made by Newton’s wife June in 1995. Newton is famous for introducing eroticism to fashion photography and his output is considered one of the most iconic of the last quarter of the 20th century. To fill in the life of this colourful character, here are ten facts you might like to know. 1. Helmut Newton was born Helmut Neustädter on October 31 1920 in Berlin into a liberal, affluent and Jewish family. His father, Max, owned a button factory. Berlin in the 1920s was at the centre of the hedonistic and decadent Weimar Republic, described in books such as I Am A Camera by Christopher Isherwood, later turned into the musical Cabaret. 2. The young Helmut was a dreadful student, but showed an early interest in the two things which would come to define his life: photography and women. He was given his first camera by his father at the age of 12, and, by all acounts, it was around this time he began to show an appreciation for the way bathing suits clung to young girls’ bodies. 3. His parents fled Germany in November 1938 after his father lost control of his factory under the oppressive restrictions placed on Jews by the Nuremburg laws. Helmut was granted a passport after turning 18 that October and sailed for Singapore where he found work as a photographer, first for a local newspaper and then as a portrait photographer. 4. He was interned by the British authorities in Singapore and sent to an internment camp in Australia in September 1940. Freed from the camp two years later, he enlisted with the Australian Army, serving as a truck driver. When war ended in 1945 he changed his name to Newton. He married the Australian actress June Browne in 1948. 5. Newton set up a studio in 1946 in the fashionable Flinders Lane in Melbourne and worked on fashion and theatre photography in the affluent post-war years. In 1955 he secured a commission to illustrate fashions in a special Australian supplement for Vogue magazine, published in January 1956. This led to a 12-month contract with British Vogue and he moved to London in February 1957. 6. But it was his move to Paris in 1961 that saw his career blossom, helped no doubt by his habit of arriving for his first major assignments in a white Porsche. His images began appearing in magazines such as French Vogue and Harper’s Bazaar, where he rebelled against the subservient women found in these staid fashion magazines.  His photos showed strong, dangerous and dominant women, and shook up the whole idea of fashion photography. 7. Over the following years, Newton established a style marked by erotic, stylised scenes, often with sado-masochistic and fetishistic subtexts. It comes as no surprise that he also spent 30 years shooting pictorials for Playboy. In the 1970s, Newton turned away from fashion photography and towards personal projects. 8. He was the self-proclaimed ‘bad boy of photography’, turning gender on its head, with the women in his work in charge of their sexuality and men, if visible at all, subservient to his goddesses. Despite this, he was called a misogynist and an exploiter of women, labels he did little to discourage as they enhanced his reputation as The King of Kink. 9. In 1999 a record breaking book was published which became the mother of all coffee table books. Entitled SUMO, it was a limited edition print run of 10,000 copies, each signed and numbered by Helmut Newton. It came with its own little table designed by Philippe Starck and it cost €15,000. The contents, edited by June Browne, featured 400 of Newton’s photographs, measured 50x70cm, weighed 30 kg and contained 464 pages. 10. By the end of his life, Newton was seen as the epitome of fame and glamour. Having spent most of his life wandering the world, he settled in Monte Carlo and Los Angeles in later life. He died after crashing into the Chateau Marmont on Sunset Boulevard in 2004, aged 83. His ashes are buried in Berlin. The exhibition continues until September 4.  More >